What Causes a Broken Jaw?

There are several potential causes of a broken jaw, also known as a mandible fracture. The most common cause is trauma to the face or jaw area, such as from a sports injury, car accident, physical altercation, or fall. This type of direct impact can cause the jaw bone to break or fracture in one or more places.

A broken jaw can be considered a dental emergency Parkland and you should immediately seek medical attention to prevent further damage and ensure proper healing. Some fractures may require surgery to realign the bones and hold them in place with either screws, plates, or wires. Others may be able to heal on their own with rest, immobilization, and a liquid or soft food diet.

Let us see the common causes of a broken jaw.

  • Physical assault in the face

Any kind of physical assault on the face can result in a broken jaw. This includes being punched, kicked, hit with an object, or even accidentally walking into a door or wall. The force of impact can cause the jaw bone to break, often in multiple places.

  • Sports injuries

Sports that involve contact or collision, such as football, basketball, hockey, and boxing, can also lead to a broken jaw. The use of proper protective gear, such as mouthguards, can help reduce the risk of injury.

  • Vehicle accidents

Car accidents, motorcycle accidents, and other types of vehicle collisions can also result in a broken jaw. The impact from the crash can cause the jaw to hit against the steering wheel, dashboard, or airbag with enough force to fracture it.

  • Accidental falls in the home

Tripping, slipping, or falling at home can also cause a broken jaw. This is especially common in older adults who may have weaker bones and are more prone to falls. You can help prevent falls by keeping your home well-lit, removing tripping hazards, and using handrails on staircases.

  • Industrial or workplace accidents

People who work in industrial settings or with heavy machinery may be at risk for a broken jaw if they are hit by an object or caught in between equipment.  Employers should provide proper training and safety equipment to help prevent these types of injuries.