Monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or MAOIs, are an incredibly strong class of antidepressants that treat anxiety by preventing the malfunction of the brain chemicals dopamine, serotonin, as well as norepinephrine. This assists them to do their work of regulating their mood.
These drugs aren’t utilized commonly because there’s a danger, they’ll alter the method other medications you’re taking work. This can cause blood pressure issues as well as other problems. Likewise, an overdose of these medicines can be especially unsafe.
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MAOIs approved by the FDA to deal with bipolar depression consist of:
- Isocarboxazid or Marplan
- Selegiline or Emsam
- Phenelzine or Nardil
- Tranylcypromine or Parnate
MAOI Safety and Security Issues
These medications can trigger other issues such as:
- Food communications. Eating particular fermented, smoked, or marinaded foods or drinking specific drinks can trigger serious, sudden hypertension in combination with MAOIs. People taking these antidepressants must adhere to a unique diet regimen that consists of restricting specific meats, cheeses, as well as alcohol. On top of that, some experts think that MAOIs may be particularly likely to create a state of mind switches from anxiety to mania in individuals having bipolar disorder; therefore, mood changes should be monitored closely.
- Drug communications. As with consuming particular foods, taking specific medications can likewise cause unsafe and unexpected hypertension when they are taken at the same time as MAOIs. This consists of other pain killers, antidepressants, and allergies, as well as cold medications. It’s important to tell your pharmacist or doctor regarding any kind of medications you are taking, consisting of organic supplements if you are recommended an MAOI.
- Serotonin disorder. A rare adverse reaction of MAOIs is to have a threatening level of serotonin, a neurotransmitter. This can take place when you take two medicines that increase your serotonin levels at the same time, like other antidepressants, migraine treatments, some discomfort drugs, or St. John’s wort. It’s unusual; however, it can be life-threatening. Look for instant clinical assistance if you experience signs and symptoms of serotonin disorder, like:
- Feeling uneasy or perturbed
- Queasiness, Diarrhea, or throwing up
- High blood pressure or fast heartbeat
- Hallucinations, seeing unreal things
- Loss of muscle mass coordination or control
- Fever or a greater body temperature
- Abnormal eye activities
- Overactive reflexes
- Self-destruction threat. The FDA needs all antidepressants, including MAOIs, to lug a warning that there’s a small danger they might make you more probable to try self-destruction. This threat is highest possible when you’ve begun taking MAOIs or the physician recently transformed your dose.